The Office of Surface Mining (OSM) is a branch of the United States Department of the Interior. It is the federal agency entrusted with the implementation and enforcement of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA), which attached a per-ton fee to all extracted coal in order to fund an interest-accruing trust to be used for reclamation of abandoned mine lands

WKM, Western Kentucky Minerals strives to replace the property in the same shape we find it, If not Better! WKM Creates Wildlife Habitats such as Lakes, Streams, and New Growth forrests which are essential in creating healthy habitats for wildlife.